osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis in the Knee

Osteoarthritis in the knee is the most common condition affecting synovial joints.  When this type of arthritis is present, it usually involves degeneration and destruction of the various joint structures, especially the cartilage. Knee Arthritis Symptoms Symptoms of osteoarthritis in the knee often include pain with weight bearing, swelling, locking and crepitus (clicking and popping…

knee of leg

IT Band Syndrome

Iliotibial band friction syndrome (IT Band Syndrome) is one of the most common injuries affecting long distance runners.  When iliotibial band syndrome occurs (also known as iliotibial band friction syndrome or “IT band syndrome”) a part of the band can get irritated as it rubs against the femur (thigh bone) just above the knee.  This…

knee arthritis

Arthritis Treatment

Osteoarthritis (“arthritis”) is a very common condition, affecting 25% of the population over the age of 65. Weight bearing joints in the lower limb are particularly susceptible to arthritis as the weight of the body adds to the biomechanical stresses affecting the joints. Two very common areas for arthritis are the hip and the knee.…

outline of patello femoral syndrome

Patello-femoral Syndrome

The Q-angle (quadricep angle) is a measurement used by many health care practitioners to assess patello-femoral alignment. It is often mentioned in running magazines and on different websites because of its apparent ability to identify those persons at risk of certain knee injuries. Some of these knee injuries include patellofemoral syndrome, patellofemoral maltracking, chondromalacia patella,…

x-ray of knees

Patellofemoral Syndrome

The incidence of injury among distance runners is estimated to be between 37-56%.  Of these, pain in the area of the patellofemoral joint (near the “knee-cap”) is one of the most common complaints.  Thankfully, some recent research has uncovered some of the risk factors for this condition. Patellofemoral Syndrome Risk Factors   Traditionally, it has been…

person demonstrating knee pain

ACL Injury

Last June we posted an entry on the prevention of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.  In that article, we learned that muscular co-contraction was very helpful in preventing an acute tear of this ligament. Today’s blog is going to review some of the more current understandings in sports medicine with respect to ACL tears,  including…

knee with pain drawings

Knee Pain from Jumping

Jumpers knee is a common term used to describe an overuse injury to the patellar tendon.  The technical term for this tendon injury is patellar tendinosis or patellar tendinopathy and is estimated to affect 45% of elite volleyball players.  The symptoms of this condition can often be similar to patellofemoral syndrome, patellar tendinitis, quadricep tendinitis, patellar maltracking…

Knee Pain and Cycling

With the Tour de France in full swing we thought it would be fitting to address a common cycling injury for this weeks blog; patellar tendinosis. Patellar Tendonitis / Patellar Tendonosis The patellar tendon is located below the patella (or “knee-cap”) and is an extension of our quadriceps muscle (the muscle on the front of your…

ACL Tear

Ligaments help to protect our joints.  Unlike muscles, they do not contract or expand.  Instead, they offer passive support and limit the range of movement in a joint.  Unfortunately, if the joint is forced beyond the normal range of motion, ligaments can be torn, often resulting in surgery and time away from activity.  Common ligament…