back of lady's shoulders

Frozen Shoulder

Shoulder pain is very common, affecting up to 26% of the population. There are many different causes of pain in the shoulder, one being frozen shoulder. Frozen shoulder has nothing to do with temperature. Frozen shoulder is a slang term that describes a condition in which the shoulder becomes very stiff and very painful. The technical term…


Common Skiing and Snowboarding Injuries

The skiing versus snowboarding split is mostly a cultural one. Both are great core workouts that depend on speed, strength, balance and flexibility. Evidence suggests that skiers and boarders use their bodies differently, as shown by the varying injuries they receive. Common snowboard injuries are wrist, shoulder and ankle-specific while skiers commonly sustain knee ligament injuries. But these aren’t the only injuries sustained. Skiing and snowboarding injuries involve…

man with kettlebell

Neck Pain and Exercise

Neck pain is very common and can be caused by various structures.  For many it’s a combination of joint and muscle irritation aggravated by poor, sustained postures like sitting at a computer.  A general term used to describe this type of neck pain is “mechanical” neck pain.  This essentially means that the pain is aggravated…

lady holding her back in pain

Chronic Back Pain

Why do some people experience repeated bouts of back pain?  This is a very large question with many variables to consider.  An interesting paper published in the journal Pain shed some light on this topic, investigating the role of the lumbar multifidus muscle and the effect back pain has on it. Without question the muscles…


Hamstring Strain

Hamstring injuries are very common and can be frustrating for athletes.  They have a reputation for being rather stubborn to heal and recurrence is common.  Before proceeding, let’s review the anatomy. The hamstring muscles are located on the back of your femur (the thigh).  They extend from the bone that we sit on (the ischial…

human lungs

Breathing and Back Pain

As we know, various muscles play a role in lumbar stability.  That is why we do lots of strengthening exercises for the abdomen and lower back.  Curl-ups, planks, bird-dogs are all examples of common exercises that are usually beneficial.  They target muscles like the multifidus, the transversus abdominus, rectus abdominis and obliques, quadratus lumborum and…

Fascia Stretch

Fascial Stretch Therapy

Stretching is an activity that most people dread doing and is regularly the first thing dropped from a workout routine. People find it uncomfortable, awkward and sometimes painful. Very commonly I am asked does stretching work? Much of the current research that is out there is contradicting with certain studies stating stretches should be held…